Minggu, 14 Juni 2009

Bhutan Scouts Association

Scouting was introduced in Bhutan in 1970. In July 1999, the Bhutan Scout Tshogpa, (Dzongkha) the coeducational Bhutan Scouts Association, was welcomed as a member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement at the 35th World Scout Conference in Durban, South Africa. Membership stood at 19,562 as of 2008.[1]

The backdrop of the Himalayas makes Bhutan ideal for Scouting. Since 1995, Unit Leader Training courses were organized by the World Scout Bureau-Asia-Pacific Region with the assistance of the Bharat Scouts and Guides of India, Bangladesh Scouts, Pakistan Boy Scouts Association, the Scout Association of Japan, and the Canadian Scout Brotherhood Fund.

Scouts from Bhutan participated in the 1998 World Jamboree in Chile, in the 20th World Scout Jamboree in Thailand and in the 21st World Scout Jamboree in the United Kingdom.

The remote kingdom hosted the Asia-Pacific Regional First South Asia Foundation-Scout Friendship Camp from February 21 to 26, 2002, in which hundreds of Scouts and Leaders in the districts of Thimphu, Punakha and Wangdue participated. "Regional Cooperation" was the theme of the camp, in which 550 girls and boys from all South Asian countries participated.

The first National Jamboree was held from January 31 to February 6, 2007.

In November 2008 the Scouts helped to prepare the Coronation Celebrations, cleaning the streets of the capital.

The membership badge of Bhutan Scout Tshogpa incorporates the color scheme of the flag of Bhutan, and the fleur-de-lis is wrapped in a khata, the traditional ceremonial scarf. The Scout Motto in Dzongkha is Dra drig Bay.

Bangladesh Scouts

The Bangladesh Scouts (Bengali) are the national Scouting organization of Bangladesh. Scouting was founded in Bangladesh as part of the British Indian branch of The Scout Association, and continued as part of the Pakistan Boy Scouts Association until the country's divided sections split in 1971 during the Bangladesh Liberation War. Following its independence, Bangladesh became an independent member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement in 1974. The organization has 966,301 members as of 2008.[1]

During the Bangladesh Liberation War, in April 1971, members of the Bangladesh Boy Scout Association volunteered to carry the mail from the Bangladesh Army field post offices to the nearest Post Office in India.

Scouting has grown over the years in the face of considerable difficulties. Scouts are involved in community service, major areas being agriculture, health and sanitation, child welfare, community development, construction and repair of low cost housing and sports.

During national disasters, such as the many floods that strike Bangladesh, Scouts are called to help with flood control, relocation of citizens and organizing shelters.

Membership is open to youth between 6 and 25 years of age, regardless of caste, creed or color. The Scouts receive strong support from the government, which recognized Scouting's value in citizenship training.

Bangladesh Scouts

বাংলাদেশ স্কাউট্‌স
Country Bangladesh
Founded 1972
Membership 966,301
Affiliation World Organization of the Scout Movement

Scouts Australia

Scouts Australia is an organisation for children and young adults from 6 to 26 years of age. Scouts Australia is part of the global Scouting movement and national member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement since 1953.
Scouts Australia
Headquarters Chatswood, NSW
Country Australia
Founded 1908
Founder Lord Baden Powell
Membership 67,269

Boys in the Commonwealth of Australia were involved in Scouting as early as 1908 , the year the first Boy Scout training handbook "Scouting for Boys" was published in England. The visits made to Australia by Baden-Powell in 1912 and in later years (1927, 1931 and 1934) encouraged the extension of the Movement in Australia.

Although each state branch in Australia was directly and individually responsible to Imperial headquarters in London, there grew up a desire to achieve co-operation at headquarters level and so a federal council of nominees from each state council was formed in 1922. This body later appointed an Australian Commissioner.

For more than 30 years, Scouting was coordinated by the Australian Federal Scout Council, which functioned as a Branch of the British Boys Scout Association. In 1958 the adjuration of the Australian Boys Scout Association took place and in 1967 the national organisation was incorporated by Royal Charter. The public name of the association was changed to the Scout Association of Australia in 1971, when girls were first admitted, although the official name was not changed until 2001, when the Royal Charter was amended through an Act of Parliament. The Organisation is now known as 'Scouts Australia', however its formal title remains The Scout Association of Australia.

Scouts Australia is a 'federation' made up of branches that operate in each Australian state and territory. Each branch is completely separate, maintaining its own structure and operational methodologies and rules, however all operate under a common uniform and common award scheme structure. How each branch chooses to structure itself down to individual Group level remains the prerogative of the relevant Branch.

The Chief Scout of Australia is the Australian Governor General, who is the representative in Australia of the Monarch (currently Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II). The Chief Scout in each state is normally the State Governor, who is also the Monarch's representative in each State.

Australia was made a member of the World Scout Organisation of Scout Movements (WOSM) in 1953 and is a Founder Member of the Asia-Pacific Region. In the field of support and co-operation with other member countries of the Asia Pacific Region, the organisation has contributed to a number of international friendship and community development orientated projects.

Over the years, Australian Scouts have supported emerging Scout Associations in the South Pacific. A twinning project with the Bangladesh Scouts, known as the "Bangladesh-Australia Child Health" (BACH) project made a dramatic impact on child health in project villages during its operation from 1986 to 1992. The Scout Association has a twinning project with the Nepal Scouts known as NATURE Project and involves the reforestation of the Kristi Landslide.

Australia hosted the successful 16th World Scout Jamboree and the 31st World Scout Conference in 1988. Some 15,000 Scouts from 94 countries attended the Jamboree at Cataract Scout Park near Sydney. An Australian Scout Jamboree has been held every three years since 1934 except for the years of the Second World War. The scout jamboree is the largest national scout event but there is also an Australian Rover Moot and an Australian Venture are also held every three years.

Scouts Australia created a youth forum in 2001, called the National Youth Council. It contains 30 members from the scout, venturer, and rover youth ages.The only member of the council who is an adult leader is the National Youth Council Adviser. It works with issues that affect the youth members, such as the Venturer Review (2007), the badge system, peer pressure and is designed to provide a connection between youth members and the management of the association.

In 2003 Scouts Australia became a Registered Training Provider under the banner of the Federal Dept. of Science, Technology and Training. Scouts Australia's Adult Leader Training now leads Adults to a Diploma of Leadership under the Australian Qualifications Framework.

According to its own Annual Reports membership has decreased in all sections from a total of 84,502 in 2126 Groups in 2001 to a total of 63,200 in 1836 Groups in 2005, although membership of the Venturer and Rover sections increased slightly from 2004 to 2005.

Korea Scout Association

The Korea Scout Association is the national Scouting association of South Korea.

Scouting was founded in Korea in 1922 while under Japanese rule, and sent representatives to the first Far East Scouting competition in Beijing in 1924. However, it was banned by the occupation authorities from 1937 until August 15, 1945.

Korea Scout Association

한국 스카우트 연맹
Country South Korea
Founded 1922
Membership 214,005
Affiliation World Organization of the Scout Movement

It existed in all areas of the Korean peninsula prior to the Korean War in 1950. World Organization of the Scout Movement recognition came in 1953. The total membership in 2008 was 214,005 registered Scouts.

Dr. Yong-Woo Kim, the first Tiger Scout and former Minister of Korea was awarded the Bronze Wolf, the only distinction of the World Organization of the Scout Movement, awarded by the World Scout Committee for exceptional services to world Scouting, in 1975.

Persekutuan Pengakap Malaysia

Persekutuan Pengakap Malaysia (The Scout Association of Malaysia, PPM) is an organisation for boys and girls between the ages of 10 and 17, based in Malaysia. Persekutuan Pengakap Malaysia is part of the global Scouting movement and national member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement (WOSM). It is the only uniformed body in Malaysia to have been established and officially regulated by an act of parliament through the Scouts Association Of Malaysia (Incorporation) Act 1968.

Scouting was first introduced in Singapore in 1908, but was officially founded on July 2, 1910, when young Scoutmaster Frank Cooper Sands arrived in Singapore from Nottingham and established two Boy Scout troops in Singapore for the children of the British colonists. From there, the movement spread to other parts of the Straits Settlements and what were to become the states of Malaysia. Sands spent the next 40 years helping to create Scouting in the region, and is often called the "Father of Malayan Scouting".

In 1974, Datuk Syed Hashim bin Abdullah was awarded the Bronze Wolf, the only distinction of the World Organization of the Scout Movement, awarded by the World Scout Committee for exceptional services to world Scouting. Other recipients include Tan Sri Kamarul Ariffin bin Mohd Yassin in 1983.

Persekutuan Pengakap Malaysia

The Scout Association of Malaysia
Headquarters Kuala Lumpur
Country Malaysia
Founded 1957
Membership 73,494
Chief Scout Shafie bin Salleh
Chief Commissioner Kamarudin Kachar
Affiliation World Organization of the Scout Movement

Scouting New Zealand

New Zealand has 18,007 Scouts (as of mid 2008) served by Scouting New Zealand. Scouting was introduced to New Zealand in 1908 by Col David Cossgrove and the island nation became a member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement in 1953.

Scouting New Zealand is very internationally minded, participating in many Asia-Pacific Region and World Scout camps and Jamborees.

There is a strong emphasis on conservation of natural resources. Scouts frequently help in natural disasters such as sand bagging rivers during flooding.

Scouting New Zealand
Country New Zealand
Founded 1908
Founder David Cossgrove
Membership 18,007
Affiliation World Organization of the Scout Movement

Fiji Scout Association

The Fiji Scouts Association, (Fijian Nai Soqosoqo ni taba Gone e Viti) is the national Scouting organization of Fiji. Scouting in Fiji was founded in 1914, and became a member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement in 1971. The Fiji Scouts Association has 3,709 members as of 2008.[1]

Scouts are involved in numerous community service projects which assist the government. These include conservation of nature, disaster relief and various other forms of work in the community. After one hurricane, Scouts provided assistance by packing and distributing relief supplies.

Fiji Scouts Association

Nai Soqosoqo ni taba Gone e Viti
Country Fiji
Membership 3,709
President Sanjeev Pal
Chief Commissioner Chandra Shekhar
Affiliation World Organization of the Scout Movement